The old centre of Monopoli, called by its inhabitants, Paese vecchio, is characterized by a typical Medieval layout, consisting of narrow streets and “chiassi”, alleys, within  a town wall, of which little has remained. On archaeological layers which show evidence of the Bronze Age, of the Messapic and Roman civilizations, a number of important religious buildings are situated, such as the Basilica Cathedral and the Romanesque-Baroque church of St.Mary of the Amalfitans. The sixteenth century  fortalice of the town, known as Charles V’s castle, was built there to control the port.

This old nucleus of the town is today visited by a big number of tourists.

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